Our summer is over, and classes are starting for elementary and secondary school students. Teachers once again stand in front of the classroom, and students take their seats. Each teacher uses different instructions; some are equipped with a textbook and workbook for class, some with a presentation, or the teacher comes with the idea that students will work in groups. As different teachers suit different teaching styles, so it is with students. In what ways can teachers teach? Alternatively, how can students be taught? Find out in this article.
What does organizational form of teaching mean?
This is probably the question most of you are asking. When people first hear the term, they usually cannot imagine anything. This term refers to the organisation of teaching, i.e. who the teacher works with and where the teaching takes place.
Classification of the organizational form of teaching:
- Individual teaching
- Collective teaching
- Individualized teaching
- Project-based learning
- Group teaching
- Online teaching
Individual or one-on-one teaching is common at School Populo, whether it is tutoring or foreign language teaching. Students get individual attention and enough time to understand the topic. The goal of one-to-one tutoring is not to teach the student and leave but to teach the topic in a way that the student can understand it. Thus, both the student and the teacher end the lesson or tutoring session feeling good and knowing that they have moved one step closer to their goal.
The name of this teaching method implies that it is intended for a group of students. The most common use of this teaching method is in schools. A group of students of the same age discusses the same topic and solves the same tasks at the same time. In contrast to individual teaching, here, the teacher does not have time to devote to individual students, so teaching is done in a group.
Individualized teaching, like collective teaching, takes place mostly in classrooms. However, it differs in that the teacher does not explain the topic. Pupils work independently or in groups. The teacher plays the role of a helper and a mentor. The teacher gives the pupils advice and guidance for self-study. Pupils are set problems to test the extent to which they have learned the topic. The teacher also tests pupils individually.
Project-based learning presents pupils with a problem to solve, which they work on alone or in groups. This project has a specific aim and purpose. In working on the project, pupils deepen their knowledge of the content and learn the skills to work independently. It is important that pupils enjoy working on the project and are motivated to complete it.
In group learning, pupils are divided into smaller groups to work together on a task. They plan and divide the group work together and help and advice each other in completing the task. At the same time, they learn to argue and tolerate the opinions of others. Working in a group improves the learning process, and pupils can achieve better results. As in individualized or project-based learning, the teacher plays the role of mentor and helper. He or she supervises the groups and helps to organise their activities.
In team teaching, a team of teachers works together to create thematic units and lesson plans. This team works with groups of students of different sizes. Teachers may teach the same group of students together at the same time, or they may work together but not teach the same students. Good preparation is essential for team teaching. Teachers need to understand each other and work together to achieve the best results.
How online tutoring works
Another form is online teaching. This can be done individually or in groups. A student or group of students each connect to the internet and use a shared call. This form of teaching is only suitable for some students. The student and the teacher may be at different distances from each other, and both have to concentrate on the topics being discussed. If the student tends to do anything else, is not paying full attention to the topics, and is “bored” in the class, it would be better to choose a different teaching method for the student.
Organizational teaching forms can also be classified in terms of time, e.g. a lesson (45 minutes), a practice at a vocational school (60 minutes), a field trip, or in terms of place of teaching, e.g. non-specialised (traditional) classroom, specialised classroom (laboratory, gym, language room), sports field, school grounds.